Learning to code is accessible to anyone, but developing good coding habits takes practice. While programming is a relatively easy skill to learn without formal training, self-taught developers may adopt bad practices that are hard to break. Unbeknownst to you, these habits could make your work difficult and hinder collaboration with others.

In today’s world, there are numerous software development stacks available to developers. Developing the following ten programming habits early on can help ensure that your code is always clean, readable, and maintainable.

Programming is a highly sought-after skill in today’s digital age, and it’s accessible to anyone with a willingness to learn. While it’s relatively easy to pick up the basics of programming, developing good coding habits takes time and effort. As a self-taught developer, it’s crucial to adopt good programming habits early on to ensure that your code is clean, readable, and maintainable.

Here are ten programming habits that software developers should adopt:

Write Clean and Readable Code:

Clean code is code that is easy to read, understand, and modify. One of the essential habits for a programmer is to write code that follows consistent and clear formatting standards. The code should also use meaningful variable names, be properly indented, and have appropriate comments.

Refactor Code Regularly:

Refactoring involves changing code to make it more efficient or easier to maintain. Good programmers should regularly review their code to identify opportunities for improvement and then make the necessary changes.

Use Version Control:

Version control is a system that tracks changes to code over time. It helps developers work collaboratively on projects and maintain a history of changes. Version control systems such as Git, Subversion, and Mercurial are widely used in the software development industry.

Write Automated Tests:

Automated tests help ensure that code works as expected and reduces the risk of introducing bugs during development. Developers should write tests that cover all the functionality of their code and run them regularly to catch any issues early on.

Use Debugging Tools:

Debugging tools help identify and fix errors in code. Modern Integrated Development Environments (IDEs) have powerful debugging capabilities that make it easier for developers to identify and solve problems in their code.

Follow Coding Standards:

Following coding standards is essential to maintain consistency and improve the readability of code. The standards should include conventions for naming variables and functions, formatting, and other coding practices.

Write Reusable Code:

Reusable code is code that can be used in multiple parts of a project or in different projects altogether. Writing reusable code saves time and effort and reduces the likelihood of bugs.

Practice Continuous Integration:

Continuous integration involves merging code changes into a shared repository frequently. It helps detect issues early on and ensures that code is always up to date.

Document Code:

Documenting code is essential to help other developers understand how the code works. Comments should be added to explain what the code does, why it’s necessary, and how it works.

Learn from Others:

Good programmers learn from their peers and from industry experts. They should take the time to read code written by others, attend conferences and meetups, and seek feedback from more experienced programmers.

In conclusion, adopting good programming habits is essential for software developers to write clean, readable, and maintainable code. By following these ten habits, developers can improve their skills, work collaboratively, and produce high-quality software products.


Adopting good programming habits is critical for software developers to create clean and maintainable code. Writing code with the end-user in mind, keeping it simple and concise, using descriptive names for variables and functions, using version control software, and writing test cases are just a few habits that can make a significant difference in the quality of the code. By developing these habits early on, software developers can ensure that their code is easy to understand, modify, and maintain, making it more efficient and effective in the long run. Ultimately, these programming habits can help developers work better with other team members and contribute to the success of the project.